We’re working most of our waking hours. We’re so busy that we only dedicate 3 minutes to a task before switching to another. We have a Pavlovian response to notifications, and can’t resist the urge to check our email at every lingering ping. This is driving us to burnout, while also causing us to re-examine our personal and professional identities.
Time is Our Biggest Enemy and Greatest Asset
Although managing our time to get what we want most out of life is within our reach, achieving the perfect balance is easier said than done. In a recent survey conducted by HarperCollins Leadership, we found that time is a shadow taunting everyone with its proximity.
- “I often get bogged down in tasks/details and there is little time to cultivate relationships for this kind of collaboration.”
- “Finding the time in my days to set aside all the small 'to-dos' to focus on personal growth and long term projects. This includes taking the time to train others so that I can delegate more and have time for the bigger picture items.”
- “Finding the time to read and learn all of the things i want to read and learn to be a better leader. Often, I find myself either spending too much time learning and not enough time implementing, or the other way around.”
- “I feel like no matter how well I plan out my week, my time is taken up by everyone else's emergencies. I put out fires literally all day!”
- “I struggle with time management and saying no.”
Time hasn’t always been a race to an invisible and constantly shifting finish line. The standard 9 hour workday began during the Industrial Revolution. Since then, business and government have tweaked the formula to get the most value out of people. Sir Isaac Newton could be to blame for the formal creation of time management as a process and objective in life. His thoughts inspired Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin who both believed in the importance of productivity and order. Franklin was the first to assert that “time is money,” however, Jefferson's views on time management were much more severe.
Clocks in the late 18th century had just one hand and could only measure time within the hour. For Jefferson, this was unacceptable. He conspired with clockmaker Peter Spruck to develop the Great Clock. Jefferson modeled the clock after the Chinese gong, and he requested that it track the precise time to the second and signal the top of an hour with a bell and whistle that “might be heard all over my farm.” While the founding father duo implemented time management in relatively harmless ways, other leaders have opted for nefarious routes.
A Failed Experiment in Time Management
In an article published in the November 2019 issue of The Atlantic called “Why You Never See Your Friends Anymore,” Judith Shulevitz argued that Americans are tacitly agreeing to a form of nepreryvka. We need a quick history lesson before we can understand the gravity of that statement.
During the period between the end of World War I and the beginning of WWII, Joseph Stalin instituted a “continuous work week” for primarily construction and trade workers throughout the Soviet Union. Days were assigned colors, and colors were assigned to people who would work those days. Reds worked on red days; purples worked on purple days, and there was no guarantee that you and your friends or family would share days off. Although the experiment was unsuccessful for a plethora of reasons, it shows how seriously humans take it and how easily it can be manipulated.
The global and gig economies constructed an environment where the always “on” always win. In workplaces today, bosses expect employees to respond to emails at all hours. As the cost of doing business rises, executives choose labor cuts, effectively adding more responsibilities to already burdensome workloads. Time management is both the problem and the solution.
The intentional management of time is what gives us the freedom we need to do what we love and to take action on items that will move us forward in life. We’re so obsessed with time management because the more we understand it, the less likely it is that time will be used as a tool against us. Empower your schedule with specific time management strategies from our top articles in HarperCollins Leadership Essentials.